WNC Orchard Insect Pest Populations – June 2, 2020

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Codling mothCodling Moth

Codling moth degree-day (DD) accumulations range from 420 in Henderson County to about 750 in the Lincoln/Cleveland County area. Henderson County, and locations of similar elevation (>2000 ft), are in the midst of first-generation flight, and codling moth should be considered a potential concern for another two weeks. With that said, to date populations have been very low in Henderson County. In lower elevation orchards with an accumulation of 750 DD, we are approaching the end of first-generation adult emergence (>90% emergence complete), and additional insecticide applications are most important where first-generation populations have been high based on pheromone trap captures.

Tufted Apple Bud Moth

Tufted apple bud moth DD accumulations in Henderson County are about 525 as of June 2. Historically TABM populations are more important in Henderson County opposed to other production regions. Based on forecasts, the ideal timing for an insecticide will be in about 7 to 10 days, when DD accumulations will approach 800. A single application of an insecticide recommended for codling moth will provide season-long control of TABM; these include the diamides (i.e., Altacor, Voliam Flexi, Exirel, Verdepryn) or Delegate. In addition, Intrepid also provides excellent season-long control of TABM. Because the diamides and Delegate are more effective against codling moth than Intrepid, the latter should only be used where codling moth is not a concern.

Secondary Pests

Aphids, leafhoppers, and mites have been very low to nonexistent up to this point in time. However, with warmer and hopefully drier weather returning, these are pests to keep an eye out for in the coming weeks.


Learn more about southeastern apple insect pests at the Apple Insect Management page.


2020 Average Weekly Trap Captures

HENDERSON COUNTY
Insects per trap
May 18 May 26 Jun 1
Codling moth  0.5 0.1 0.5
Oriental fruit moth 0.5 0.2 0.4
Tufted apple bud moth 8.0 25.5 81.0
Redbanded leafroller 0.0 0.0 0.0
Obliquebanded leafroller 0.0 0.0 7.0
Lesser appleworm 0.0 0.0 7.0
Apple maggot (abandoned and research orchards) set
Brown marmorated stink bug (commercial) 0.6 0.8 0.6
Brown marmorated stink bug (unsprayed) 1.8 1.8 1.3
Spotted tentiform leafminer 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dogwood borer 14.0 14.0 37.0
Peachtree borer 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lesser peachtree borer 16.0 16.0 48.0
San Jose scale 0.0 0.0 0.0

*Note that these averages illustrate only the timing of insect emergence and fluctuations in populations, and are not representative of population levels in any given orchard. The only way to have an accurate assessment of an individual orchard’s populations is to set up traps in that orchard.


2020 Accumulated Degree Days

HENDERSON COUNTY
May 18 May 26 Jun 1
Codling moth (Biofix 4/20) 202 DD 299 DD 402 DD
Oriental fruit moth (Biofix 3/30) 496 DD 631 DD 765 DD
Tufted apple bud moth (Biofix 4/27) 238 DD 374 DD 507 DD

About degree-day models


2020 Pest Trends (click to enlarge)

Graph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trendsGraph of insect population trends


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