WNC Orchard Insect Populations for August 22, 2018

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August 22, 2018Bin of apples

With only a few exceptions, apple insect pest pressure continues to decline in commercial orchards across the region. While some new brown marmorated stink bug adults continue to emerge, populations have been very low in the vast majority of apples, as has damage. At this point in the season it is unlikely that BMSB will suddenly increase in numbers in apples. Damage levels continue to be very low, and continued insecticide applications are probably not necessary in most orchards.

Other insect populations are also low, including codling moth and OFM. While apple maggot flies continue to be captured in abandoned orchards, the threat of dispersal to managed orchards is low at this time.

Learn more about southeastern apple insect pests at the Apple Insect Management page.

2018 Average Weekly Trap Captures*

Insects per trap
August 6
August 13
August 20
Codling Moth 0.5 0.3 0.5
Oriental Fruit Moth 13.0 17.0 25.7
Tufted Apple Bud Moth 1.0 0.0 0.0
Redbanded Leafroller 0.0 0.0 0.0
Obliquebanded Leafroller 1.0 0.0 0.0
Lesser Appleworm 1.0 0.0 2.0
Apple Maggot (abandoned and research) 21.3 14.3 24.5
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (commercial – mountains) 1.0 1.3 1.8
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (commercial – upper piedmont) 1.8 1.1 2.4
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (research – unsprayed) 1.3 5.2 4.8
Spotted Tentiform Leafminer 3.0 0.0 5.0
Dogwood Borer 19.0 5.0 32.0
Peachtree Borer 22.5 25.0 20.5
Lesser Peachtree Borer 10.5 3.0 12.5
San Jose Scale 5.0 2.5 67.5

*Note that averages presented here are intended only to illustrate the timing of insect emergence and fluctuations in population activity, and not as general indicators of population levels. Some orchards included in these averages have significantly higher or lower populations than most commercial orchards in the area, resulting in averages that are sometimes skewed from what is typical. The only way to have an accurate assessment of an individual orchard’s populations is to set up traps in that orchard.

2018 Accumulated Degree Days

  Henderson County
 Biofix August 7
August 14
August 21
Codling Moth Apr 30 2100 2295 2458
Oriental Fruit Moth Apr 2 2819 3054 3251
Tufted Apple Bud Moth May 4 2500 2735 2932
About degree-day models: The degree day (DD) models predict adult emergence and egg hatch of each generation. They do not predict the intensity of populations, which can be assessed by using pheromone traps. Hence, the models should be used to help gauge the time period when control is most likely needed, and pheromone traps provide information on the need for and frequency of insecticide applications. For full details, read “IPM Practices for Selected Pests” in the Orchard Management Guide.


  • 1st generation: Egg hatch begins at about 350 DD after biofix and is completed by 1050 DD. The most critical period for insecticidal control is from 350 to about 750 DD.
  • 2nd generation: Egg hatch of the second generation can extend from about 1300 to 2600 DD after biofix, but the most critical period for insecticidal control is 1400 to about 2500 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Adults begin to emerge at about 2500 DD after biofix, but the model is less accurate in predicting late-season populations.


  • 1st generation: Only one insecticide application between 400 and 500 degree days is usually necessary, as 1st generation egg-laying is usually low on apple.
  • 2nd generation: Effective 1st-generation control may eliminate the need for 2nd-generation control. If trap captures remain high, insecticides may be needed around 1100 to 1400 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Insecticide may be needed at 2200 DD after biofix.
  • 4th generation: Overlapping generations late in the season make it difficult to predict when 4th-generation egg hatch begins, but continuous egg-laying can occur from August through October. Use traps to determine the need for further insecticide applications.


  • 1st generation: One well-timed insecticide application between 800 and 1200 DD after biofix will often eliminate the need for further control of TABM.
  • 2nd generation: Only if trap captures exceed 25 moths per trap by 2600 DD is an insecticide application recommended. NOTE: Insecticides targeting 2nd generation TABM are usually not necessary if 1st generation populations were successfully controlled.