WNC Orchard Insect Populations for June 19, 2018

— Written By and last updated by

Apple trees with mountainsJune 19, 2018

We are currently in that time period where we are at the lowest risk for damage by direct insect pests. We are between generations of codling moth and TABM, nearing the end of second-generation OFM (which is typically of little threat), and about a month before apple maggot emergence begins.

At this time, orchards should be scouted for several indirect pests, including apple aphid, potato leafhopper and European red mite. For aphids and leafhoppers, several neonicotinoids or closely related products are highly effective, including Admire (imidacloprid), Actara, Assail, Closer and Sivanto.

Looking ahead, second generation codling moth adult emergence should begin in lower-elevation orchards in the next seven to 10 days.

Learn more about southeastern apple insect pests at the Apple Insect Management page.

2018 Average Weekly Trap Captures*

Insects per trap
June 4
June 11
June 18
Codling Moth 0.3 0.8 1.0
Oriental Fruit Moth 13.0 16.0 15.7
Tufted Apple Bud Moth 11.0 1.0 1.0
Redbanded Leafroller 0.0 0.0 0.0
Obliquebanded Leafroller 2.0 0.0 0.0
Lesser Appleworm 1.0 0.0 0.0
Apple Maggot 0.0 0.0 0.0
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (commercial – mountains) 1.7 1.5 0.5
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (commercial – upper piedmont) 2.0 0.7 1.0
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (research – unsprayed) 2.0 2.5 2.3
Spotted Tentiform Leafminer 0.0 40.0 12.0
Dogwood Borer 18.0 18.0 18.0
Peachtree Borer 7.5 16.0 22.0
Lesser Peachtree Borer 20.5 42.5 15.0
San Jose Scale 0.0 7.5 12.5

*Note that averages presented here are intended only to illustrate the timing of insect emergence and fluctuations in population activity, and not as general indicators of population levels. Some orchards included in these averages have significantly higher or lower populations than most commercial orchards in the area, resulting in averages that are sometimes skewed from what is typical. The only way to have an accurate assessment of an individual orchard’s populations is to set up traps in that orchard.

2018 Accumulated Degree Days

  Henderson County
 Biofix June 5
June 11
June 18
Codling Moth Apr 30 654 797 936
Oriental Fruit Moth Apr 2 1071 1249 1418
Tufted Apple Bud Moth May 4 752 929 1099
About degree-day models: The degree day (DD) models predict adult emergence and egg hatch of each generation. They do not predict the intensity of populations, which can be assessed by using pheromone traps. Hence, the models should be used to help gauge the time period when control is most likely needed, and pheromone traps provide information on the need for and frequency of insecticide applications. For full details, read “IPM Practices for Selected Pests” in the Orchard Management Guide.


  • 1st generation: Egg hatch begins at about 350 DD after biofix and is completed by 1050 DD. The most critical period for insecticidal control is from 350 to about 750 DD.
  • 2nd generation: Egg hatch of the second generation can extend from about 1300 to 2600 DD after biofix, but the most critical period for insecticidal control is 1400 to about 2500 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Adults begin to emerge at about 2500 DD after biofix, but the model is less accurate in predicting late-season populations.


  • 1st generation: Only one insecticide application between 400 and 500 degree days is usually necessary, as 1st generation egg-laying is usually low on apple.
  • 2nd generation: Effective 1st-generation control may eliminate the need for 2nd-generation control. If trap captures remain high, insecticides may be needed around 1100 to 1400 DD.
  • 3rd generation: Insecticide may be needed at 2200 DD after biofix.
  • 4th generation: Overlapping generations late in the season make it difficult to predict when 4th-generation egg hatch begins, but continuous egg-laying can occur from August through October. Use traps to determine the need for further insecticide applications.


  • 1st generation: One well-timed insecticide application between 800 and 1200 DD after biofix will often eliminate the need for further control of TABM.
  • 2nd generation: Only if trap captures exceed 25 moths per trap by 2600 DD is an insecticide application recommended. NOTE: Insecticides targeting 2nd generation TABM are usually not necessary if 1st generation populations were successfully controlled.